The Geospatial Analysis book and web site contain a large number of examples of software tools, including R-based tools listed in the Resources section of the online ebook. The following is a list of many of those mentioned in the text and/or recommended by users. For higher performance we recommend the use of specialist tools and/or high performance compiled programming languages (e.g. C++, MatLab, Python) and/or web-based services that provide processing for very large datasets (e.g. from ESRI, Microsoft, IBM and others)

NOTE: Some of the older software packages and projects have ceased to be available in recent years. In addition, some of the links shown below are http rather than https links, reflecting some less-maintained/older services and software.

Product name Product type Free? Website
ade4 Mathematical/Statistical library Y https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/ade4/index.html
AltaMap suite (now Descartes) Telecoms/visibility analysis++ N https://www.descartes.com/
ANN Mathematical/Statistical library Y https://www.cs.umd.edu/~mount/ANN/
ANUDEM (and other GIS software from the ANU) Terrain analysis N https://fennerschool.anu.edu.au/research/products/anudem
AnyLogic Geosimulation N https://www.anylogic.com/
ArcExplorer (now re-directed to ArcGIS Field Maps) Viewer Y https://www.esri.com/en-us/arcgis/products/arcgis-field-maps/overview
ArcGIS GIS N https://www.esri.com/
ArcGIS Pro Toolboxes GIS N https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/latest/tool-reference/introduction-anatomy/anatomy-of-a-tool-reference-page.htm
ArcLogistics (ArcGIS Network Analyst) Logistics N https://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/extensions/networkanalyst
AutoCAD Civil 3D Visualisation (2D and 3D) N https://www.autodesk.com/products/autocad-civil-3d/overview
Bentley Microstation Geographics GIS N https://www.bentley.com/software/microstation/
Boundaryseer Specialised data analysis N https://www.biomedware.com/software/boundaryseer/
CadCorp SIS GIS N https://www.cadcorp.com/products/
CadnaA Noise mapping N https://www.datakustik.com/products/cadnaa/cadnaa
Calpuff View Emergency and Hazard Assessment N https://www.weblakes.com/calpuff/calpuff_overview.html
CARIS GIS N https://www.teledynecaris.com/en/home/
Cartomap Viewer Y https://cartoworld.com/free-cartomap-software/
Clusterseer Cluster analysis N https://www.biomedware.com/software/clusterseer/
Coordinate Calculator Specialised mapping Y https://www.tatukgis.com/Products/CoordinateCalculator/Description.aspx
Crimestat IV Crime analysis Y https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/crimestat-spatial-statistics-program-analysis-crime-incident-locations
Cube Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.bentley.com/software/cube/
DEPTHMAP Telecommunications/visibility analysis Y https://www.spacesyntax.net/software/
Didger (retired) Specialised mapping N https://www.goldensoftware.com/products/
DYNAMEQ Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.bentley.com/software/dynameq/
EMME Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.bentley.com/software/emme/
ENVI Remote sensing analysis N https://www.nv5geospatialsoftware.com/Products/ENVI
EOS Landviewer Web based interactive map viewer Y/N https://eos.com/landviewer
ER Mapper Specialised mapping N https://www.hexagongeospatial.com/products/power-portfolio/other-producer-products
ERDAS Imagine (now Hexagon Geospatial) GIS N https://hexagon.com/products/erdas-imagine
eRouteLogistics Logistics N https://www.e-iit.com/RoutePlanning.html
Farsite Emergency and Hazard Assessment Y https://www.firelab.org/project/farsite
FDO GIS tools Y https://fdo.osgeo.org/
Feature Analyst Terrain analysis N https://www.textronsystems.com/products/feature-analyst
FloodWorks and related software Hydrological analysis N https://innovyze.com/
FME Specialised mapping N https://fme.safe.com/fme-in-action/data-types/gis-location-intelligence/
Fractal terrains Specialised mapping N https://www.profantasy.com/products/ft.asp
Fragstats Landscape analysis Y https://www.fragstats.org/
Global Optimization Toolbox (MATLab) Optimization algorithms N https://www.mathworks.com/products/global-optimization.html?ref=pfo
GAM/K Cluster analysis Y no longer available
GDAL GIS tools Y https://www.gdal.org/
GenaMap/Evac Evacuation mapping N https://genasys.com/genasys-protect-evac/
GeoDa Exploratory data analysis (EDA/ESDA) Y https://geodacenter.github.io/
GeoExpress Image handling N https://www.extensis.com/geoexpress
Geographic Calculator GIS tools N https://www.bluemarblegeo.com
Geographically weighted regression (GWR) Statistical analysis N https://gwr.maynoothuniversity.ie/gwr4-software/
Geomatica/Catalyst GIS N https://www.pcigeomatics.com//
Geomedia and Erdas (now Hexagon) GIS N https://hexagon.com/products/product-groups/gis-imagery-analysis-data-management
Geoplot Specialised mapping N http://www.geoscan-research.co.uk/page9.html
GeoVista Software Exploratory data analysis (EDA/ESDA) Y https://www.geovista.psu.edu/
GMT GIS tools Y https://www.generic-mapping-tools.org/
Grapher Graphing N https://www.goldensoftware.com/products/grapher/
GRASP Specialised data analysis Y https://www.ticra.com/software/grasp/
GRASS GIS Y https://grass.osgeo.org/
Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) Hydrological analysis N https://www.aquaveo.com/software/gms-groundwater-modeling-system-introduction
GS+ Geostatistical analysis N No longer available
Hawth's Tools GIS tools Y Website appears to have been hijacked
ICS Telecom Telecommunications/visibility analysis N https://atdi.com/
Idrisi GIS N https://www.clarklabs.org/
ILOG CPLEX Optimisation (Y) https://www.ibm.com/products/ilog-cplex-optimization-studio
ILWIS GIS Y https://www.itc.nl/ilwis/
IMMI Noise and air pollution N https://www.woelfel.de/en/products/immi.html
InfoWorks Hydrological analysis N https://www.autodesk.com/products/infoworks-icm/
Instant Atlas Specilaised mapping N https://www.esriuk.com/en-gb/arcgis/products/instantatlas/overview
ISATIS Geostatistical analysis N https://www.geovariances.com/
Landscape Fragmentation Tool (LFT) and MSPA Landscape analysis Y https://clear.uconn.edu/mapping/tools/ and https://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/en/activities/lpa/mspa/
Landserf Terrain analysis Y https://www.landserf.org
LEDA Optimisation N https://www.algorithmic-solutions.com/
LIDAR Analyst Terrain analysis N https://www.textronsystems.com/products/lidar-analyst
LINDO Optimisation N https://www.lindo.com/
LP-Solve Optimisation Y https://lpsolve.sourceforge.net/5.5/
Manifold/Radian GIS N https://www.manifold.net/
Map Comparison Kit Spatio-temporal analysis Y http://www.riks.nl/products/Map-Comparison-Kit
MapGuide GIS Y https://www.osgeo.org/projects/mapguide-open-source/
MapInfo GIS N https://www.precisely.com/products/locate
Mapoing Solutions Specialised mapping N https://www.l3harris.com/all-capabilities/mapping-geospatial-mapping
MAPresso Specialised mapping applet Y No longer developed
Mapserver Specialised mapping Y https://mapserver.org/
Maptext/Label EZ Specialised mapping N https://www.maptext.com/
Maptitude (Caliper) GIS N https://www.caliper.com/
Maptools GIS tools http://www.maptools.org
MAPublisher Specialised mapping (Y) https://www.avenza.com/mapublisher/
MASON Geosimulation Y https://cs.gmu.edu/~eclab/projects/mason/
MATLab plus toolboxes Mathematical/Statistical library N https://www.mathworks.com/
MATSim Geosimulation Y https://matsim.org/
Mondrian Visualisation (2D and 3D) Y https://www.theusrus.de/Mondrian/
Natureserve Vista Emergency and Hazard Assessment N https://www.natureserve.org/conservation-tools/natureserve-vista
NetLogo Geosimulation Y https://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/
NOISEMAP Noise mapping https://www.noisemap.ltd.uk/wpress/
Open Layers Specialised mapping Y https://openlayers.org/
OpenMap GIS tools Y https://github.com/openmap-java/openmap
Oriana Directional analysis N https://www.kovcomp.co.uk/oriana/index.html
OSSIM Image handling Y https://trac.osgeo.org/ossim/
PASSaGE Specialised data analysis Y https://www.passagesoftware.net/
PCRaster GIS Y https://pcraster.geo.uu.nl/
PostGIS GIS Y http://www.refractions.net/products/postgis/
PySal Python Spatial Analysis Library Y https://pysal.org/
QGIS GIS Y https://www.qgis.org/en/site/
R Spatial Mathematical/Statistical library Y https://cran.r-project.org/web/views/Spatial.html
R2V GIS tools N https://www.ablesw.com/r2v/index.html
REACT Logistics N https://www.mjc2.com/
Repast Simphony Geosimulation Y https://repast.github.io/index.html
RiverTools Hydrological analysis N https://www.rivix.com/
RoadEng Specialised mapping N https://www.softree.com
ROOKCASE Sawada's Spatial Corrleation Excel add-in N ROOKCASE.xla
RouteSmart Logistics N https://www.routesmart.com/
SAGA GIS Y https://saga-gis.sourceforge.io/en/index.html
SAM Statistical analysis Y https://www.ecoevol.ufg.br/sam/
SANET Network analysis Y http://sanet.csis.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
SaTScan Cluster analysis Y https://www.satscan.org/
Smallworld GIS N https://www.ge.com/digital/applications/smallworld-gis-geospatial-asset-management/geospatial-network-modeling-solutions
SOM Toolbox Neural networks Y http://www.cis.hut.fi/projects/somtoolbox/ and https://github.com/ilarinieminen/SOM-Toolbox
SpaceStat Statistical analysis N https://www.biomedware.com/software/spacestat/
Spatial Manager GIS/mapping package N https://www.spatialmanager.com
spdep Mathematical/Statistical library Y https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/spdep/index.html
SPLANCS Statistical analysis Y https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/splancs/index.html
SPSS (IBM) Statistical analysis N https://www.ibm.com/spss
StarLogo Geosimulation Y https://education.mit.edu/project/starlogo-nova/
STATA/IC Statistical analysis N https://www.stata.com/
Surfacewater Modeling System (SMS) Hydrological analysis N https://www.aquaveo.com/software/sms-surface-water-modeling-system-introduction
Surfer Graphing N https://www.goldensoftware.com/products/surfer
Surfit Specialised mapping Y https://surfit.sourceforge.net/surfit/index.html
SWARM Geosimulation Y https://www.swarm.org
Synchro Studio Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.cubic.com/transportation/synchro-studio
TAP Telecoms/visibility analysis N https://www.softwright.com/products/tap-software/
TAS (Whitebox) Terrain analysis Y https://jblindsay.github.io/ghrg/Whitebox/index.html
TatukGIS GIS tools N https://www.tatukgis.com/
TatukGIS Editor/Viewer Viewer Y https://www.tatukgis.com/Products/EditorViewer/Description.aspx
TAUDEM Terrain analysis Y https://hydrology.usu.edu/taudem/taudem5/index.html
TDHGIS Vector based Spatial Analysis Y https://www.tdhgis.com/
TNTMips GIS (Y) https://www.microimages.com/
TransCAD Network analysis N https://www.caliper.com/tcovu.htm
TransModeller Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.caliper.com/transmodeler/
Truckstops Logistics N https://www.caci.co.uk/services/logistics-route-optimisation/route-optimisation/
TSIS-CORSIM Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://mctrans.ce.ufl.edu/
uDig GIS Y http://udig.refractions.net/
UrbanSim Geosimulation Y https://www.urbansim.com/
Vincenty GIS tools Y https://www.ga.gov.au/__data/assets/file/0019/11377/Vincentys-formulae-to-calculate-distance-and-bearing-from-latitude-and-longitude.xls
Virtual Terrain Project Visualisation (2D and 3D) Y http://vterrain.org
VISUM Traffic simulation and forecasting N https://www.ptvgroup.com/en/products/ptv-visum
Watershed Modeling System (WMS) Hydrological analysis N https://www.aquaveo.com/software/wms-watershed-modeling-system-introduction
What's Best Optimisation N https://www.lindo.com/
WinBUGS/GeoBUGS Statistical analysis Y https://www.mrc-bsu.cam.ac.uk/software/bugs/thebugs-project-geobugs/
WindNinja Specialised mapping Y https://www.firelab.org/project/windninja
WindWizard Specialised mapping (Y) https://www.firelab.org/project/windwizard
Xpress-MP Optimisation (Y) https://www.fico.com/en/products/fico-xpress-optimization

Marine GIS Tools:

GIS Tools from Federal University of Pelotas, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: